Mouth Breathers can have some or many of the following:
- Red bleeding gums due to having a dry mouth.
- Decay and gum disease
- Low PH of saliva
- Bad Breath
- Narrow and sometimes high roof of mouth- causing cross bites where upper teeth are on the inside of the lower teeth, can restrict nasal passage
- Small lower jaw and weak chin
- Less defined cheek bones
- Long narrow face
- Gummy smiles (lips are open and not covering the gums)
- More concave profile
- More protruded upper teeth that may not overlap lower teeth (open bite)
- Head can tilt backwards and influence the shape, size and position of all the bones in the cranium
I will start with a little background information about what happens when breathing through our nose. When we breathe through our nose we produce more “Nitric Oxide”.
Nitric Oxide Role In the Body
1. Increase the oxygen exchange efficiency and increase our blood oxygen by 18%.
2. It increases the lungs ability to absorb oxygen
3. Its a vasodilator and brain transmitter.
4. It increases oxygen transport through the body to its organs and is crucial for the efficiency of smooth muscles.
In keeping the above in mind mouth breathing is linked with the following.
- Poor sleep leading to chronic fatigue
- Bed Wetting in children
- Hyperventilation as when breathing through the mouth we can take 2 breathes per every breathe of a nose breather
- Respiratory problems like asthma
- Circulatory problems
- Sleep apnea
- Gastric reflex
- High blood pressure and cardiac failure
- Affect growth in children they tend to be tiny (affects human growth hormone)
- Posture problems due to head position being forward and tilted back and shoulders slumping
- Poor Academic performance, ADD and Hyperactivity
- Thumb or finger sucking habit
- Tonsils or adenoids
- Chronic congestion
- Respiratory Infection
Mouth breathing is much easier to correct as a child than waiting for adulthood. Often it can be very difficult and the best solution is to look to those that specialize in breaking these habits. We are lucky to have someone close by who specializes in Myofunctional Therapy and I strongly encourage mouth breathers to seek out her services. If you are interested in contacting her she is in Owen Sound and can be reached at the following number. 519-373-2297 or at http://www.tongueandlunglady.com/
General Dentistry Jan/Feb 2010 Yosh Jefferson DMD, MAGD Mouth Breathing: Adverse effects on facial growth health, academics and behavior
The Negative Effect of Mouth Breathing on the body and development of the child Dr. John Flutter BDS Dental Surgeon